LED Helpline: 01482 820340

LEDs – DIP vs SMD vs COB

LEDs - DIP vs SMD vs COB

LEDs – DIP vs SMD vs COB

DIP – Dual In-line Package

SMD – Surface Mounted Device

COB – Chip On Board

 

DIP

IMG_0491

Close up of a DIP Spotlight

DIP. As soon as LED is mentioned, that is what most people picture in their heads and this is simply because up until recently, it was the only common LED type available. DIPs in general are not as easy to manipulate during the manufacturing process, therefore, there is not a huge amount of versatility. For instance the above example is rated at 1 Watt. At 1 Watt, it is mostly used for ambient lighting or decoration, and not for functional lighting. It is also worth noting that a DIP’s beam angle is 38°, which will not cover huge areas and instead will focus all its power into specific areas.

 SMD

IMG_0493

Close up of an SMD Spotlight

SMD LEDs have become rather common in the past few years. Unlike DIPs, SMDs can be made to different sizes. The above image has 5050 SMDs (5mm x 5mm), however there are other variants (3528, 5014 etc.) which can produce more or less power. Generally speaking, SMDs tend to have a higher light output compared to DIPs, but a lower output compared to COBs. This light output can appear less however, due to the wide beam angle (120°).

COB

IMG_0494

Close up of a COB Spotlight

COB LEDs are by far the most versatile LED type at the moment. A COB is comprised of multiple chips within one large “wafer”. This allows a larger light output and a more even spread of light. Just like the SMD, COBs have a 120° beam angle, allowing a larger area to be covered, and therefore ideal for functional lighting.

 

Hi-Power

Close up of a Hi-Power Spotlight

Close up of a Hi-Power Spotlight

Hi-power LEDs are in a way, the “bigger brother” of the DIPs. In general, DIPs require 20/21 diodes to hit 1 Watt. A  single Hi-Power LED is 1 Watt and coupled with the 38° beam angle, it can generate a very intense light output. Hi-Power LEDs are ideal for highlighting certain areas for both functional purposes and decoration. They are commonly used in wall washers and uplighters for this reason.

There are other types of LED available and new technology is developed everyday, but for now, we have covered the 4 main types.

 

Please Note: All beam angles are measured from a flat surface. LEDs in spotlights may have a slightly different beam angle due to the shape of the bulb, therefore it may be wise to check the beam angle on the product page before purchasing.

LEDs - DIP vs SMD vs COB
Close up of a Hi-Power Spotlight
IMG_0494
IMG_0493
IMG_0491